All you need to know about laparoscopic surgery
- Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.
- This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery.
- During laparoscopy, the surgeon makes one or more small incisions in the abdomen. These allow the surgeon to insert the laparoscope, small surgical tools, and a tube used to pump gas into the abdomen. This makes it easier for the surgeon to look around and operate.
- After the procedure, the gas is let out of your abdomen, the incisions are closed using stitches and a dressing is applied.
- You can often go home on the same day of your laparoscopy, although you may need to stay in hospital overnight.
- Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope. This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.
- The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include: a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time, less pain and bleeding after the operation, and reduced scarring.
- Laparoscopy can be used to help diagnose a wide range of conditions that develop inside the abdomen or pelvis. It can also be used to carry out surgical procedures, such as removing a damaged or diseased organ, or removing a tissue sample for further testing (biopsy).
- Laparoscopy is most commonly used in; Gynaecology, Gastroenterology, and Urology .
- Laparoscopy is carried out under general anesthesia, so you won't feel any pain during the procedure.
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